In February, the all-party Work and Pensions Committee of MPs issued two scathing reports on the PIP and ESA assessments done by Atos, Capita and Maximus — on claimant experiences, and recommendations on the system. The MPs are awaiting the government’s response. They got nearly 4,000 submissions, mainly from claimants, who continue to have a big impact. The media keep referring to it — now publicising that most claimants who appeal, win their benefits – hooray! The 60% success rate of appeals was one reason why the Work and Pensions Committee looked at assessments.
Although the MPs start by asserting that “Most claimants proceed through their PIP and ESA assessments without significant problems”, they expose how frightening the process is and how bad the problems are for a huge number of people and families. The DWP statistics they quote, show that the disability benefits system has a massive deterrent effect. Only 57% of ESA claimants complete a Work Capability Assessment (PIP and ESA assessments, page 7). About a third of ESA claims are successful. Of the 43% who don’t proceed, some thousands are sick and disabled people who died during the 12-week “assessment phase” without getting more than basic rate, others may have given up, or struggle with jobseeking or waged work.
The MPs concentrate on the assessment process, not the Work Capability Assessment or PIP points test. But they say they aren’t finished. They say:
For most claimants, PIP and ESA assessments go smoothly. But in a sizeable
minority of cases, things go very wrong indeed. For at least 290,000 claimants of PIP
and ESA—6% of all those assessed—the right decision on entitlement was not made
first time. Those cases, set alongside other problems throughout the application
and assessment process, fuel a lack of trust amongst claimants of both benefits. The
consequences—human and financial—can be enormous. Our recommendations aim to correct the worst of these problems and rebuild claimant trust. Properly implemented, they will bring real improvements for claimants going through the system now and in the near future. The question of whether a more fundamental overhaul of welfare support for disabled people is necessary remains open. We do not intend this to be the end of our work on PIP and ESA. (page 12)
Paper-based assessments feature as a routine part of the assessment process. They are not exceptional or a privilege, as we are often told. The head of Maximus told MPs that about a quarter of a million ESA assessments per year are done on paper evidence. (Obviously this includes both successful and refused claims.)
A big gain during the inquiry, was the announcement in December 2017 of abolition of the government’s target to uphold 80% of benefit refusals during mandatory reconsideration – thanks to testimony by the PCS union DWP staff. This will save thousands of people from destitution and misery, which they are put through after being wrongly turned down at mandatory reconsideration.
We’ve summarised some of the conclusions and recommendations:
- Make it easier to apply for ESA and PIP, make it accessible and communicate in different formats (such as email for hearing impaired or visually impaired claimants), make it more claimant-friendly and less distressing.
- Audio record all assessments, look at using video recording.
- Send a copy of the assessor’s report to all claimants.
- Make assessors confirm whether and how they have used each piece of supporting evidence. Decisions not to use pieces of evidence should also be noted and justified.
- Review a sample of Mandatory Reconsiderations made during the time when DWP staff were supposed to rubber-stamp refusals and see what “next steps” should be taken. Many claimants wouldn’t have had the stamina or support to go on to appeal.
- End privatisation and bring assessments back in-house, done by the DWP (conclusion and recommendation no. 21)
Read the reports in full:
PIP and ESA assessments: claimant experiences Webpage pdf
PIP and ESA assessments Report, conclusions and recommendations Webpage pdf
WinVisible’s submission is here.
[…] PIP was brought in under the Welfare Reform Act 2012. The purpose was to cut Disability Living Allowance (DLA) spending by 20%. For this reason, the then Chancellor George Osborne was booed at the 2012 Paralympics. With PIP, they abolished low rate care component (£22.65) which a lot of people with moderate disabilities relied on, and made the benefit test harsher. They do not automatically transfer people from DLA, but make people apply as a new PIP claim. Nearly one third of people previously on DLA have been refused, including gravely and terminally-ill people. The DLA to PIP statistics show that over 130,000 disabled people have lost a massive £3,000 per year on claiming PIP. PIP assessment is privatised, carried out by the for-profit companies Atos and Capita. The assessments are often done by physiotherapists, ambulancemen and other “health professionals” working to targets. The assessor companies are discredited and have been heavily criticised by disabled claimants, welfare organisations and MPs on the Work and Pensions Select Committee. See here […]